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Table 6 Factors associated with substance use among preparatory school students in Kolfe-Keraniyo sub-city, Addis Ababa, July 2020 (n = 374)

From: Substance use and associated factors among preparatory school students in Kolfe-Keranyo sub-city of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Explanatory variables Substance use COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Age
 16-18 56 186 0.623 (0.389, 0.998)  
 Above 19 43 89 1  
Sex
 Male 64 116 2.51 (1.556, 4.036) 3.326 (1.284, 8.613)*
 Female 35 159 1  
Grade level
 11 43 168 0.49 (0.307, 0.779)  
 12 56 107 1  
Family member chew khat
 Yes 28 36 2.62 (1.495, 4.585) 2.866 (1.161, 7.070)*
 No 71 239 1  
Family member smoke cigarette
 Yes 28 25 3.94 (2.164, 7.188)  
 No 71 250 1  
Family member drink alcohol
 Yes 46 25 8.68 (4.908, 15.349) 3.958 (1.704, 9.196)**
 No 53 250 1  
Parents know your whereabouts
 Yes 32 47 0.049 (0.028, 0.088)  
 No 69 28 1  
Parents know everything about you
 Yes 7 235 0.013 (0.006, 0.030) 0.005 (0.001, 0.026)***
 No 92 40 1  
Substance use improves academic performance
 Yes 35 15 9.479 (4.881, 18.410)  
 No 64 260 1  
Poor school substance use controlling rule
 Yes 89 222 2.125 (1.035, 4.361) 6.644 (1.863, 23.687)**
 No 10 53 1  
Member of school mini-media
 Yes 10 71 0.323 (0.159, 0.655) 0.177 (0.048, 0.657)*
 No 89 204 1  
Mini-media aware on substance
 Yes 39 60 0.645 (0.410, 1.045)  
 No 138 137 1  
Shops sell substance openly
 Yes 69 70 6.736 (4.056, 11.187)  
 No 30 205 1  
Substance available at residential areas
 Yes 81 110 6.750 (3.837, 11.874) 2.934 (1.303, 6.606)**
 No 18 165 1  
  1. *Statistically significant at P < 0.05
  2. **Statistically significant at P < 0.01
  3. ***Statistically significant at P < 0.001 Hosmer and Lemeshow test = 0.473