Skip to main content

Table 4 Factors associated with respiratory symptoms among exposed and unexposed groups, Ethiopia, 2019

From: Respiratory symptoms related to flour dust exposure are significantly high among small and medium scale flour mill workers in Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional survey

Characteristic (N = 560) Respiratory symptoms COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes No
Exposure status
 Flour mill workers 179 101 6.78 (4.65, 9.90) 5.18 (3.34, 8.04)
 Controls 58 222 1 1
Sex
 Female 105 144 0.99 (0.71, 1.39) 0.94 (0.61, 1.43)
 Male 132 179 1 1
Age
 18‑24 87 109 1 1
 25‑35 67 131 0.64 (0.43, 0.96) 0.96 (0.59, 1.57)
 > 35 83 83 1.25 (0.83, 1.89) 1.79 (1.06, 3.04)
Educational status
 Illiterate 47 20 3.75 (2.15, 6.52) 1.77 (0.96, 3.25)
 Literate 190 303 1 1
Marital status
 Married    1 1
 Unmarried    0.86 (0.61, 1.20) 0.83 (0.55, 1.25)
Monthly income (ETB)
 < 2000 86 59 3.82 (2.31, 6.32) 1.98 (1.04, 3.78)
 2000‑2900 69 69 2.62 (1.58, 4.34) 1.64 (0.89, 3.01)
 2901‑4050 45 98 1.20 (0.72, 2.02) 1.01 (0.56, 1.82)
 > 4050 37 97 1 1
Physical exercise
 Yes 43 75 1 1
 No 194 248 1.36 (0.89, 2.08) 0.90 (0.55, 1.49)
BMI
 Normal 199 273 1 1
 Underweight 10 14 0.98 (0.43, 2.25) 0.63 (0.25, 1.61)
 Overweight/obese 28 36 1.07 (0.63, 1.80) 1.29 (0.71, 2.35)
  1. Key: BMI body mass index, ETB Ethiopian birr, COR crude odds ratio, AOR adjusted odds ratio