Skip to main content

Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, Bahir Dar City, Ethiopia, 2019 (N = 560)

From: Respiratory symptoms related to flour dust exposure are significantly high among small and medium scale flour mill workers in Ethiopia: a comparative cross-sectional survey

Characteristic Category Flour mill workers, N (%) Control group, N (%) P value
Sex Female 125 (44.6) 124 (44.3) 1.000
Male 155 (55.4) 156 (55.7)
Age (years) 18‑24 116 (41.4) 80 (28.6) 0.001
25‑35 80 (28.6) 118 (42.1)
> 35 84 (30.0) 82 (29.3)
Residence Urban 225 (80.4) 264 (94.3) 0.38
Rural 55 (19.6) 16 (5.7)
Educational status Cannot read and write 61 (21.8) 6 (2.1) < 0.0001
Can read and write 219 (78.2) 274 (97.9)
Marital status Married 151 (53.9) 146 (52.1) 0.74
Unmarried 129 (46.1) 134 (47.9)
Monthly income (ETB) < 2000 114 (40.7) 31 (11.1) < 0.0001
2000‑2900 85 (30.4) 53 (18.9)
2901‑4050 54 (19.3) 89 (31.8)
> 4050 27 (9.6) 107 (38.2)
BMI Normal 235 (83.9) 237 (84.6) 0.075
Underweight 17 (6.1) 7 (2.5)
Overweight/obese 28 (10.0) 36 (12.9)
Physical exercise Yes 42 (15.0) 76 (27.1) 0.001
No 238 (85.0) 204 (72.9)
  1. Keys: BMI body mass index, ETB Ethiopian birr (currency), N number