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Table 5 Multivariate analysis for NAFLD according to urinary bisphenol A levels

From: The association between urinary bisphenol A levels and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Korean adults: Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS) 2015-2017

  Crude Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value OR (95% CI) P value
Quartile 1 1 0.002* 1 0.035* 1 0.003* 1 0.010*
Quartile 2 1.01 (0.74-1.39) 0.913 1.00 (0.73-1.37) 0.955 1.09 (0.87-1.36) 0.435 1.08 (0.85-1.36) 0.510
Quartile 3 1.22 (0.89-1.68) 0.203 1.16 (0.84-1.58) 0.346 1.28 (1.02-1.60) 0.032 1.31 (1.03-1.67) 0.025
Quartile 4 1.47 (1.11-1.94) 0.006 1.31 (0.99-1.75) 0.058 1.37 (1.08-1.73) 0.007 1.32 (1.03-1.70) 0.026
  1. NAFLD nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. *p values were shown the test of trend of odds
  3. Crude: Hepatic steatosis index, bisphenol A
  4. Model 1: Crude + age, gender, creatinine
  5. Model 2: Model 1 + smoking, drinking, exercise, marital status, education, income
  6. Model 3: Model 2 + hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia