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Table 5 Multicategorical mediation model: the mediating role of CSEs on the relationship between household violence, multiple ACEs, and subjective well-being, relative to low ACEs (N = 507)

From: Classes of childhood adversities and their associations to the mental health of college undergraduates: a nationwide cross-sectional study

Pathways Unstandardized β (SE) p value Bias corrected
95% CI
CSEs on    Lower, upper
 Household violence (a1) 0.317 (0.108) 0.003 0.105, 0.528
 Multiple ACEs (a2) 1.117 (0.138) <0.001 0.849, 1.395
Subjective well-being on
 CSEs (b) −0.302 (0.049) <0.001 −0.397, −0.202
 Household violence (c1') 0.073 (0.114) 0.526 −0.154, 0.294
 Multiple ACEs (c2') 0.030 (0.145) 0.839 −0.263, 0.310
Relative indirect effects
 a1*b −0.096 (0.036) 0.008 −0.176, −0.033
 a2*b −0.338 (0.073) <0.001 −0.498, −0.210
Relative total effects
 a1*b+ c1' −0.023 (0.119) 0.844 −0.261, 0.203
 a2*b+ c2' −0.308 (0.133) 0.021 −0.571, −0.049
  1. a1 and a2 represent the effects of household violence and multiple ACEs on CSEs, compared to low ACEs; b represents the effect of CSEs on subjective well-being; c1' and c2' represent the relative direct effects of household violence and multiple ACEs on subjective well-being, relative to low ACEs; a1*b and a2*b represent the relative indirect effect on subjective well-being through CSEs for household violence and multiple ACEs, compared to low ACEs
  2. CSEs current stressful events, ACEs adverse childhood experiences, CI confidence interval, SE standard error