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Table 1 Studies examining how participants’ home neighbourhood environment influences physical activity intervention effects

From: When physical activity meets the physical environment: precision health insights from the intersection

Reference (first author; year) Setting Measure(s) of neighbourhood environment Format of physical activity intervention Intervention content Physical activity measurement Valence of environmental influence on intervention effect
   Perceived Objective Instructor-led Self-directed   Self-report Device-based Augmenting Overcoming No effect
King (2006) [12] 5 US metropolitan areas    Combined 3 different physical activity trials with varying interventions (e.g., telephone-based counseling, peer group support, culturally tailored self-help)     
King (2006) [13] Primary care facilities in 3 US metropolitan areas    3 intervention arms within the Activity Counseling Trial (physician counseling alone, physician counseling plus monthly print materials, physician counseling plus health educator telephone counseling)     
Sallis (2007) [68] Primary care facilities in 3 US metropolitan areas    3 intervention arms within the Activity Counseling Trial (see above for details)     
Zenk (2009) [69] Urban and suburban areas in and around Chicago, IL (USA)     12-month walking intervention for women in predominantly African-American communities   
Michael (2009) [11] Portland, OR (USA)     6-month lay-led neighbourhood-based walking groups    
Merom (2009) [70] New South Wales (Australia)    Self-help walking program with weekly diaries with or without pedometers   
Kerr (2010) [14] Urban and suburban areas in San Diego County, CA (USA)   Self-help walking program with weekly diaries with or without pedometers     
Gebel (2011) [71] Wheeling and Parkersburg, WV (USA)    Population-wide mass media intervention     
Lee (2012) [72] Houston and Austin, TX (USA)     6-month group cohesion intervention to promote walking among African-American and Hispanic/Latino women  
Barnes (2013) [73] Perth metropolitan area (Australia)     Television mass media campaign promoting 30 min of daily physical activity    
King (2017) [74] 4 US metropolitan areas     Center- and home-based physical activity intervention among older adults  
Jilcott Pitts (2017) [75] Lenoir County in rural eastern NC (USA)   Four monthly lifestyle counseling sessions, including PA promotion    
Perez (2018) [76] San Diego County, CA (USA)     12 months of promotoras-led exercise classes at or near churches and PA promotion provided to Latino women   
Lo (2019 )[77] Rural towns in MT and NY (USA)   6 months of exercise classes, skills building, and field-based learning provided to women in rural communities    
  1. Note: Instructor-led interventions included some component of structured or organized sessions in which participants engaged in physical activity together led by the intervention team; self-directed interventions included physical activity promotion in various formats (e.g., telephone, web-based, in-person) but did not include structured or organized sessions; see text for description of valence of results