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Table 2 Types of dietary supplements used by children

From: Dietary supplement use in elementary school children: a Japanese web-based survey

  Number and percentage of supplement usersa
n (%)
Any type of dietary supplement 333 (6.8)
 NVNMb 248 (5.0)
  Amino acids or protein 68 (1.4)
  n–3 fatty acids or fish oil 54 (1.0)
  Botanicals 38 (0.8)
  Probiotics 47 (1.0)
  Others 43 (0.9)
 VMb 108 (2.2)
  Multivitamins-minerals 41 (0.8)
  Multivitamins 42 (0.9)
  Multi-minerals 16 (0.3)
  Single vitaminc 10 (0.2)
  Single minerald 12 (0.2)
  1. NVNM non-vitamin, non-mineral supplements, VM vitamin or mineral supplements
  2. aPercentage of supplement users was calculated as follows: (users of each type of dietary supplement)/(total study participants [n = 4933])
  3. bTotal number of users of each type of non-vitamin, non-mineral supplement does not equal 248 because some children used more than one type of dietary supplement. Similarly, total number of users of each type of vitamin or mineral dietary supplement does not equal 108 because some children used more than one type of dietary supplement
  4. cSingle vitamins included vitamin B-group vitamins and vitamin C
  5. dSingle minerals included calcium and zinc