Skip to main content

Table 3 Association between socioeconomic status and prolonged TV viewing time in men (n=1172): NIPPON DATA2010

From: Association between socioeconomic status and prolonged television viewing time in a general Japanese population: NIPPON DATA2010

  n %a Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
<60 years
 Employment status
  Working 431 19.3   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  Not working 32 46.9 3.68 (1.76–7.68) 3.76 (1.74–8.12) 3.37 (1.50–7.56)
 Educational attainment
  High (13≤ ) 221 14.0   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  Middle (10–12) 209 28.2 2.39 (1.47–3.89) 2.36 (1.44–3.87) 2.37 (1.43–3.92)
  Low (<10) 33 24.2 1.90 (0.78–4.67) 1.67 (0.66–4.22) 1.27 (0.47–3.44)
 Living status
  Living with spouse 333 19.2   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  Living with others 79 22.8 1.41 (0.75–2.67) 1.35 (0.70–2.58) 1.18 (0.58–2.37)
  Living alone 51 31.4 1.97 (1.03–3.79) 1.98 (1.02–3.85) 1.96 (0.94–4.10)
 Equivalent household expenditure
  1st tertile 170 22.4   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  2nd tertile 156 20.5 0.88 (0.52–1.50) 0.94 (0.55–1.61) 0.93 (0.53–1.63)
  3rd tertile 137 20.4 0.88 (0.51–1.53) 0.89 (0.51–1.56) 0.87 (0.48–1.56)
≥ 60 years
 Employment status
  Working 313 24.0   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  Not working 396 58.3 4.44 (3.13–6.31) 4.75 (3.31–6.82) 4.77 (3.31–6.88)
 Educational attainment
  High (13≤) 162 39.5   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  Middle (10–12) 287 43.2 1.22 (0.82–1.81) 1.20 (0.81–1.79) 1.24 (0.81–1.90)
 Low (<10) 260 45.4 1.19 (0.80–1.79) 1.17 (0.78–1.75) 1.26 (0.80–1.96)
 Living status
  Living with spouse 601 41.1   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  Living with others 34 61.8 2.40 (1.17–4.93) 2.38 (1.16–4.90) 1.86 (0.87–3.98)
  Living alone 74 51.4 1.56 (0.96–2.54) 1.54 (0.94–2.52) 1.20 (0.69–2.08)
 Equivalent household expenditure
  1st tertile 208 45.2   (ref.)   (ref.)   (ref.)
  2nd tertile 262 43.1 0.91 (0.63–1.32) 0.92 (0.64–1.34) 0.87 (0.58–1.30)
  3rd tertile 239 41.4 0.86 (0.59–1.26) 0.88 (0.60–1.29) 0.85 (0.56–1.30)
  1. TV, television; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence intervals
  2. aProportion of defined as participants who viewed TV over 4 h
  3. Model l was adjusted for age for each socioeconomic factor
  4. Model 2 was adjusted for model 1 plus alcohol drinking habit, smoking habit, exercise habit, and past history
  5. Model 3 was adjusted for all socioeconomic factor (employment status, educational attainment, living status, equivalent household expenditure), age, alcohol drinking habit, smoking habit, exercise habit, and past history, simultaneously