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Table 2 Two-way ANOVA for the differences of the variables according to the interaction between baseline/after or education using DVD video teaching materials/the web-based learning program and each mean value

From: Development of a program to prevent sexual violence among teens in Japan: education using DVD video teaching materials and web-based learning

  Education using DVD video teaching materials (n=705) Web bases learning (n = 250) Education using DVD –Web bases learning ×
Baseline After Baseline-After a) Baseline After Baseline-After a) Baseline-After b)
M SD M SD F p M SD M SD F p F p
Attitudes that lead to violence 0.46 0.43 0.25 0.31 107.70 <0.001 0.36 0.41 0.15 0.24 46.24 <0.001 0.03 0.862
 Attitude that lead to physical violence 0.41 0.63 0.15 0.38 87.80 <0.001 0.25 0.52 0.04 0.19 35.55 <0.001 1.06 0.303
 Attitude that lead to mental violenc 0.48 0.44 0.27 0.33 88.64 <0.001 0.39 0.42 0.18 0.27 41.50 <0.001 0.02 0.883
Attitude toward healthy conflict resolution 2.02 0.53 2.36 0.62 111.91 <0.001 2.08 0.52 2.52 0.53 82.72 <0.001 2.75 0.097
 Empathy 2.22 0.69 2.51 0.74 55.44 <0.001 2.35 0.63 2.71 0.54 45.90 <0.001 1.01 0.313
 Assertiveness 2.07 0.69 2.40 0.73 68.43 <0.001 2.15 0.70 2.58 0.60 54.34 <0.001 2.40 0.121
 Discussion with other individuals 2.12 0.77 2.48 0.78 75.56 <0.001 2.27 0.73 2.67 0.64 40.72 <0.001 0.18 0.672
 Attack avoidance 1.52 0.88 1.69 1.05 42.99 <0.001 1.34 0.69 2.01 1.07 55.78 <0.001 10.03 0.002
Dangerous attitudes that lead to sexual violence 0.43 0.54 0.23 0.45 55.89 <0.001 0.26 0.50 0.17 0.36 24.19 <0.001 0.02 0.880
Preventive attitudes toward sexual violence 2.62 0.58 2.68 0.64 3.46 0.063 2.61 0.60 2.80 0.45 15.94 0.001 4.26 0.039
  1. aThe measures were compared between baseline and after the survey on each of the two programs by ANOVA
  2. bThe interaction between the baseline/after and two intervention surveys was analyzed by two-way ANOVA