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Table 4 Effect of chronic exposure of different concentrations of BPS (0.5 μg/L, 5 μg/L, and 50 μg/L) on sperm parameters and sperm number in epididymis of rats

From: Chronic exposure of bisphenol S (BPS) affect hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular activities in adult male rats: possible in estrogenic mode of action

   Treatments   
Parameters Control BPS
0. 5 (μg/L)
BPS
5 (μg/L)
BPS
50 (μg/L)
Viable sperm (%) 93.49 ± 1.93 93.23 ± 2.13 92.92 ± 1.16 89.11 ± 1.19
Motile sperm (%) 77.87 ± 1.28 78.19 ± 1.77 73.86 ± 2.13 72.93 ± 1.06*
DSP (× 106) 52.03 ± 0.78 50.60 ± 0.89 49.66 ± 0.93 47.26 ± 0.36**
Caput/carpus epididymis sperm number (× 106/g organ) 307.65 ± 6.22 299.76 ± 5.26 287.27 ± 4.54* 287.35 ± 4.10*
Cauda epididymis sperm number (× 106/g organ) 595.23 ± 15.26 597.84 ± 12.99 567.52 ± 13.21 549.05 ± 7.05*
  1. Values are presented as mean ± SEM (n = 8)
  2. *, ** indicate significance at P < 0.05 and P < 0.01 vs control