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Table 3 Distribution of riders and pillion riders based on helmet use and sex

From: Prevalence and factors associated with effective helmet use among motorcyclists in Mysuru City of Southern India

  Riders (N = 2134) Pillion riders (N = 1365) p valuea
  Male (a) (n = 1462) Female (b) (n = 672) Male (c) (n = 357) Female (d) (n = 1008) a vs b c vs d a vs c b vs d
  No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) No. (%)     
Helmet use 1289 (88.2) 672 (100.0) 204 (57.1) 711 (70.5) < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001 < 0.001
Standard helmet use 765 (52.3) 513 (76.3) 177 (49.6) 372 (36.9) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.352 < 0.001
Full-face helmet use 720 (49.3) 386 (57.4) 167 (46.8) 256 (25.4) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.401 < 0.001
Proper helmet use 418 (28.6) 462 (68.8) 115 (32.2) 239 (23.7) < 0.001 0.002 0.177 < 0.001
Effective helmet use 392 (26.8) 345 (51.3) 109 (30.5) 138 (13.7) < 0.001 < 0.001 0.159 < 0.001
  1. aZ test for difference between two proportions, vs versus