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Table 9 Summary of full-text articles which reported foods past their use-by dates as a public risk in food marketing

From: Public health risks related to food safety issues in the food market: a systematic literature review

AuthorsCountry/regionArticle typeMain message/findings
Anyanwu RC and Jukes DJ, 1991 [87]NigeriaResearch articleThis study assessed food systems and food control in Nigeria. The results showed that foods are very poorly handled in the rural food system, with expired food being sold.
Burnett K, et al., 2015 [88]CanadaResearch articleThis is an online survey gathered community input about retail and food purchasing experiences in northern Canada. Preliminary findings show that expired foods are of the top three concerns of food safety. Eighty-two percent stated that their store often or sometimes sold expired food.
Freedman DA and Bell BA, 2009 [89]USAResearch articleThis study investigated access to foods among an urban food insecure population in Nashville, USA. In this study, 10 of 37 (27%) of the participants reported that food stores in their neighborhood sell outdated foods.
Sood M, 2014 [67]IndonesiaField inspectionThis field inspection on imported processed food products in Indonesia found processing food products that are not in accordance with the provisions. Expired food products are found sold in various markets, such as supermarkets, shops, and traditional markets, such products also circulated illegally entered and especially to the areas that have access to transportation that are difficult to reach.
Islam M, 2017 [36]BangladeshThesisThis study assessed bacteriological quality of street-vended and expired food items collected from different areas in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. Out of total 35 food samples (expired and street), enteric bacteria were found in 17 (48.6%) food samples containing E. coli, Vibrio, Shigella, and Salmonella species.
Kunyanga C, et al., 2011 [90]KenyaResearch articleThis study assessed characteristics of foods sold and consumed by vulnerable groups in Kenya. The study reported that it was possible for consumers to continue using the foods even after they had expired and were no longer able to meet the nutrition and health requirements at the levels declared on the labels.