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Table 2 Observed items from UCG findings

From: Ultrasound cardiography examinations detect victims’ long-term realized and potential consequences after major disasters: a case-control study

  18th month after the disaster 30th month after the disaster 44th month after the disaster 55th month after the disaster
n = 87 n = 76 n = 88 n = 78
Left atrial dilatation 9 (10.3) 35 (26.0) 28 (31.8) 15 (19.2)
Other atrioventricular dilatation 5 (5.7) 3 (3.9) 4 (4.5) 1 (1.3)
Vascular diameter (aorta diameter or inferior vena cava) 1 (1.1) 8 (10.5) 1 (1.1) 2 (2.6)
Left ventricular wall thickness 10 (11.4) 2 (2.6) 22 (25.0) 3 (3.8)
Left ventricular asynergy 1 (1.1) 7 (9.2) 5 (5.7) 3 (3.8)
Reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction 2 (2.3) 9 (11.8) 5 (5.7) 1 (1.3)
Pericardial effusion 1 (1.1) 1 (1.3) 3 (3.4) 1 (1.3)
Interatrial septal aneurysm 1 (1.1) 1 (1.3) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Aortic valve stenosis 3 (3.4) 7 (9.2) 2 (2.3) 3 (3.8)
Aortic valve stenosis (moderate or higher) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (1.1) 0 (0)
Aortic valve regurgitation 31 (35.6) 27 (35.5) 41 (46.5) 35 (44.9)
Aortic valve regurgitation (moderate or higher) 5 (5.7) 2 (2.6) 18 (15.8) 5 (6.4)
Aortic valve calcification 31 (35.6) 11 (14.4) 5 (5.7) 4 (5.1)
Aortic valve thickening 3 (3.4) 3 (3.9) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Mitral valve stenosis 0 (0) 3 (3.9) 1 (1.1) 3 (3.8)
Mitral valve stenosis (moderate or higher) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Mitral valve regurgitation 28 (32.1) 25 (32.9) 56 (63.6) 58 (74.3)
Mitral valve regurgitation (moderate or higher) 4 (4.6) 4 (5.3) 13 (14.8) 3 (3.8)
Mitral valve calcification 8 (9.2) 7 (9.2) 2 (2.3) 2 (2.6)
Mitral valve prolapse 0 (0) 1 (1.3) 2 (2.3) 0 (0)
Tricuspid valve regurgitation 6 (9.9) 16 (21.0) 16 (18.2) 31 (39.7)
Tricuspid valve regurgitation (moderate or higher) 2 (2.3) 7 (9.2) 10 (11.3) 3 (3.8)
Pulmonic valve regurgitation 1 (1.1) 3 (3.9) 1 (1.1) 10 (12.8)
Pulmonic valve regurgitation (moderate or higher) 1 (1.1) 1 (1.3) 0 (0) 0 (0)
  1. Nominal variables are shown as frequency (%), including compound examples
  2. UCG ultrasound cardiography