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Table 3 Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for subclinical carotid atherosclerosis

From: Association between tongue pressure and subclinical carotid atherosclerosis in relation to platelet levels in hypertensive elderly men: a cross-sectional study

  Tongue pressure p for trend 1 SD increment in tongue pressure
T1 (low) T2 T3 (high)
Total subjects
 No. at risk 113 115 114    
 No. of cases (percentage) 42 (37.2) 33 (28.7) 24 (21.1)    
 Crude ORs 1 0.68 (0.39, 1.19) 0.45 (0.25, 0.81) 0.008 0.78 (0.61, 0.98)
 Age-adjusted ORs 1 0.78 (0.44, 1.38) 0.60 (0.32, 1.13) 0.110 0.88 (0.68, 1.13)
 Multivariable ORs 1 0.71 (0.39, 1.30) 0.57 (0.30, 1.11) 0.095 0.86 (0.65, 1.12)
  1. Multivariable ORs: adjusted further for age, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive medication use, body mass index, smoking status, alcohol intake, serum triglycerides, serum HDL-cholesterol, antilipidemic medication use, HbA1c, and eGFR. Tongue pressure level tertiles: < 28.7 kPa, 28.7–36.4 kPa, and > 36.4 kPa. Subclinical carotid atherosclerosis is defined as a carotid intima-media thickness ≥ 1.1 mm. SD standard deviation. A 1 SD increment in tongue pressure is 10.4 kPa