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Table 3 Gender-specific for comparison of environmental factors between HTs and controls (N = 3990)

From: Gender differences in the prevalence and impact factors of hysterical tendencies in adolescents from three eastern Chinese provinces

Variables Males (M ± SD) Females (M ± SD)
HTs (n = 614) Controls (n = 1228) P valuea HTs (n = 715) Controls (n = 1433) P valuea
Social adjustment status
 Emotional adaptation 17.2 ± 3.9 17.7 ± 3.6 0.012 17.1 ± 3.6 17.8 ± 3.3 < 0.001
 Social adaptation 16.9 ± 4.0 17.1 ± 3.5 0.239 17.0 ± 3.4 17.5 ± 3.3 0.003
 Study and life adaptation 13.0 ± 3.9 13.1 ± 3.5 0.532 12.8 ± 3.5 13.5 ± 3.2 < 0.001
School environment status
 Teacher-student relationship
  Intimacy 18.4 ± 5.4 18.9 ± 5.3 0.047 18.3 ± 4.9 19.1 ± 4.9 0.001
  Support 13.2 ± 3.8 14.1 ± 3.6 < 0.001 13.3 ± 3.6 14.3 ± 3.4 < 0.001
  Satisfaction 14.6 ± 3.6 15.5 ± 3.3 < 0.001 14.7 ± 3.1 15.4 ± 2.9 < 0.001
  Conflict 16.2 ± 6.0 15.8 ± 6.0 0.137 14.7 ± 5.6 13.7 ± 5.1 < 0.001
 Peer relationship
  Social emotion 22.1 ± 5.9 22.8 ± 5.2 0.014 22.8 ± 5.4 23.0 ± 4.5 0.374
  Interpersonal interaction 18.6 ± 5.5 18.9 ± 4.7 0.197 19.0 ± 4.7 18.9 ± 4.0 0.740
  Interpersonal harmony 22.6 ± 6.6 23.0 ± 5.8 0.182 23.3 ± 6.1 23.3 ± 5.4 0.965
Family environment status
 Relationships dimensions
  Cohesion 6.1 ± 1.9 6.8 ± 2.0 < 0.001 6.4 ± 2.2 7.1 ± 2.0 < 0.001
  Expressiveness 4.8 ± 1.6 5.0 ± 1.6 0.007 5.2 ± 1.7 5.4 ± 1.6 0.022
  Conflict 3.6 ± 2.1 3.0 ± 2.0 < 0.001 3.5 ± 2.0 2.9 ± 1.9 < 0.001
 Personal growth dimensions
  Independence 4.8 ± 1.7 5.2 ± 1.6 < 0.001 4.7 ± 1.6 5.1 ± 1.5 < 0.001
  Achievement orientation 5.2 ± 1.6 5.8 ± 1.7 < 0.001 5.2 ± 1.7 5.6 ± 1.7 < 0.001
  Intellectual-cultural orientation 4.0 ± 1.8 4.3 ± 1.9 0.010 4.3 ± 1.7 4.4 ± 1.9 0.777
  Active-recreational orientation 4.6 ± 1.9 4.7 ± 2.0 0.408 4.7 ± 2.1 4.9 ± 2.1 0.044
  Moral-religious emphasis 5.2 ± 1.5 5.5 ± 1.5 < 0.001 5.5 ± 1.5 5.8 ± 1.5 < 0.001
 System maintenance dimensions
  Organization 5.7 ± 1.7 6.0 ± 1.8 < 0.001 5.8 ± 2.9 6.2 ± 1.8 < 0.001
  Control 4.1 ± 1.7 4.2 ± 1.8 0.056 4.2 ± 1.9 4.2 ± 1.9 0.770
HADS-A score 5.9 ± 2.4 3.5 ± 1.6 < 0.001 7.8 ± 2.8 3.8 ± 2.3 < 0.001
HADS-D score 4.1 ± 2.0 3.9 ± 2.1 0.065 7.2 ± 2.6 3.6 ± 1.8 < 0.001
  1. Bold values are those that reach statistical significance (P < 0.05)
  2. M ± SD mean ± standard deviation, HTs hysterical tendencies, HADS hospital anxiety and depression scale, HADS-A HADS-anxiety, HADS-D HADS-depression
  3. aIndependent t tests