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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study participants

From: Effects of low-intensity bodyweight training with slow movement on motor function in frail elderly patients: a prospective observational study

Baseline variables LST group (n = 65) Control group (n = 31) p value
  Mean ± SD Minimum Maximum Mean ± SD Minimum Maximum
Female sex (%) 50 (76.9)    25 (80.6)    0.6838
Age (years) 80.6 ± 6.1 66 93 80.4 ± 5.7 70 91 0.8809
Body weight (kg) 54.7 ± 10.3 30.4 84.3 57.3 ± 11.3 36.4 80.1 0.2799
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 131.2 ± 18.1 95 185 129.9 ± 21. 95 181 0.7540
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 67.6 ± 10.7 41 92 68.6 ± 10.7 43 89 0.6710
Timed Up and Go test (sec) 12.2 ± 5.7 6.4 32.0 14.7 ± 6.4 6.5 31.8 0.0567
One leg balance with an open eye (sec) 11.4 ± 13.0 0.37 60.0 16.5 ± 21.6 1.02 60.0 0.1534
CS-30 test (counts/30 s) 23.1 ± 7.8 2 43 17.4 ± 7.3 6 32 0.0011
Smoking status (%) 1 (1.5)    2 (6.4)    0.1997
Current medical history (multiple answers)
 Cerebrovascular diseases 16    9    
 Heart diseases 13    7    
 Malignant neoplasm 9    6    
 Respiratory diseases 5    2    
 Joint diseases 61    22    
 Dementia 5    2    
 Parkinson’s disease 2    0    
 Diabetes 7    3    
 Visual/hearing disorder 17    3    
 Fracture/fall 15    8    
 Spinal cord injury 1    0    
 Hypertensive diseases 22    12    
 Others 26    14    
  1. Values are presented as means ± standard deviation, minimum value, and maximum value
  2. All p values compared characteristics of the LST and control groups using unpaired t tests or Chi-squared tests
  3. LST low-intensity exercise with slow movement and tonic force generation, SD standard deviation