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Table 3 Logistic regression analysis for the association between selected variables and plaque formation

From: Oxidized human serum albumin as a possible correlation factor for atherosclerosis in a rural Japanese population: the results of the Yakumo Study

Independent variables Unit Unadjusted model Age- and sex-adjusted model Fully adjusted model
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
f(HMA)a % 0.87 (0.80, 0.94) < 0.01 0.92 (0.85, 1.01) 0.07 0.89 (0.81, 0.97) < 0.01
Sex (male)   0.85 (0.76, 0.95) < 0.01 0.87 (0.78, 0.97) < 0.01 0.91 (0.79, 1.06) 0.23
Age Year 1.14 (1.08, 1.21) < 0.01 1.10 (1.03, 1.17) < 0.01 1.07 (0.99, 1.15) 0.09
Body mass index kg/m2 1.00 (0.86, 1.16) 0.98    0.88 (0.75, 1.04) 0.13
Mean blood pressureb mmHg 1.05 (1.01, 1.09) 0.02    1.01 (0.97, 1.06) 0.58
Blood glucose mmol/L 2.60 (1.37, 4.91) < 0.01    2.10 (1.06, 4.14) 0.03
Triacylglycerides mmol/L 1.10 (0.56, 2.15) 0.79    0.88 (0.44, 1.79) 0.73
HDL cholesterol mmol/L 0.32 (0.08, 1.31) 0.12    0.91 (0.18, 14.8) 0.92
LDL cholesterol mmol/L 0.87 (0.45, 1.71) 0.70    1.10 (0.56, 2.18) 0.79
Smoking statusc Ever   1.09 (0.97, 1.23) 0.15    1.03 (0.93, 1.19) 0.67
Current   0.94 (0.79, 1.12) 0.48    0.96 (0.88, 1.16) 0.70
Alcohol consumptionc Ever   1.65 (1.27, 2.13) < 0.01    1.59 (1.22, 2.07) < 0.01
Current   1.08 (0.96, 1.20) 0.20    1.01 (0.89, 1.15) 0.83
Exercise habitsd 1–2 h/week   1.08 (0.95, 1.24) 0.25    1.07 (0.93, 1.22) 0.34
3–4 h/week   1.07 (0.90, 1.28) 0.44    1.04 (0.88, 1.24) 0.62
≥ 5 h/week   1.17 (0.98, 1.39) 0.08    1.10 (0.92, 1.30) 0.30
Medication for non-communicable diseases (present)   1.14 (1.02, 1.28) 0.02    1.02 (0.90, 1.16) 0.73
  1. The number of participants with/without plaque formation was 90/191
  2. OR denotes odds ratio. For continuous variables, the OR indicates the risk elevation per every 10-unit increment. CI denotes confidence interval
  3. aFraction of human mercaptalbumin
  4. bCalculated as (2 × diastolic pressure + systolic pressure)/3
  5. c“Never” was used as the reference
  6. d“Almost none” was used as the reference