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Table 2 Linear regression analysis of the association between selected variables and max IMT

From: Oxidized human serum albumin as a possible correlation factor for atherosclerosis in a rural Japanese population: the results of the Yakumo Study

Independent variables Unadjusted model Age- and sex-adjusted model Fully adjusted model
βS (βU)
[95% CI]
p value βS (βU)
[95% CIc]
p value βS (βU)
[95% CIc]
p value
f(HMA)a − 0.25 (− 0.018)
[− 0.027, − 0.010]
< 0.01 − 0.10 (− 0.007)
[− 0.016, 0.001]
0.09 − 0.13 (− 0.010)
[− 0.018, − 0.001]
0.03
Sex (male) − 0.28 (− 0.277)
[− 0.388, − 0.165]
< 0.01 − 0.24 (− 0.230)
[− 0.340, − 0.130]
< 0.01 − 0.15 (− 0.151)
[− 0.294, − 0.009]
0.04
Age 0.42 (0.023)
[0.017, 0.028]
< 0.01 0.35 (0.019)
[0.012, 0.025]
< 0.01 0.32 (0.017)
[0.010, 0.025]
< 0.01
Body mass index − 0.01 (− 0.002)
[− 0.018, 0.014]
0.84    − 0.12 (− 0.016)
[− 0.031, − 0.001]
0.04
Mean blood pressureb 0.26 (0.009)
[0.005, 0.014]
< 0.01    0.13 (0.005)
[0.000, 0.009]
0.03
Blood glucose 0.16 (0.005)
[0.001, 0.009]
0.01    0.07 (0.002)
[− 0.002, 0.006]
0.27
Triacylglycerides 0.01 (0.000)
[− 0.001, 0.001]
0.82    − 0.02 (0.000)
[− 0.001, 0.001]
0.68
HDL cholesterol − 0.14 (− 0.005)
[− 0.008, − 0.001]
0.02    − 0.02 (− 0.001)
[− 0.005, 0.004]
0.80
LDL cholesterol 0.02 (0.000)
[− 0.001, 0.002]
0.72    0.11 (0.002)
[0.000, 0.003]
0.04
Smoking status Ever 0.09 (0.097)
[− 0.029, 0.223]
0.13    0.07 (0.075)
[− 0.062, 0.211]
0.28
Current 0.00 (− 0.006)
[− 0.189, 0.177]
0.95    0.05 (0.074)
[− 0.105, 0.253]
0.42
Alcohol consumption Ever 0.14 (0.329)
[0.054, 0.605]
0.02    0.10 (0.235)
[− 0.020, 0.490]
0.07
Current 0.11 (0.112)
[− 0.007, 0.232]
0.07    0.03 (0.026)
[− 0.100, 0.152]
0.69
Exercise habits 1–2 h/week 0.09 (0.098)
[− 0.042, 0.239]
0.17    0.07 (0.082)
[− 0.047, 0.211]
0.21
3–4 h/week 0.07 (0.107)
[− 0.080, 0.294]
0.26    0.05 (0.072)
[− 0.096, 0.240]
0.40
≥ 5 h/week 0.16 (0.238)
[0.058, 0.419]
0.01    0.08 (0.118)
[− 0.051, 0.287]
0.17
Medication for non-communicable diseases (present) 0.17 (0.176)
[0.058, 0.295]
< 0.01    0.04 (0.043)
[− 0.080, 0.165]
0.49
  1. IMT denotes intima-media thickness, βS denotes standardized β, βU denotes unstandardized β, and CI denotes confidence interval
  2. aFraction of human mercaptalbumin
  3. bCalculated as (2 × diastolic pressure + systolic pressure)/3