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Table 3 Association (odds ratio (95% CI)) between early life famine exposure and self-reported hypertension

From: Increase in the prevalence of hypertension among adults exposed to the Great Chinese Famine during early life

  Childhood exposure Fetal and infant exposure None exposure Fetal and infant exposure vs childhood exposure and none exposure combined
Both genders
 Model 1 1.18 (0.78-1.79) 1.68 (1.09-2.58)* 1.00 1.54 (1.07-2.24)*
 Model 2 1.14 (0.75-1.74) 1.67 (1.07-2.61)* 1.00 1.60 (1.09-2.34)*
 Model 3 1.24 (0.80-1.91) 1.79 (1.13-2.84)* 1.00 1.62 (1.09-2.39)*
Men
 Model 1 1.22 (0.75-1.96) 1.50 (0.89-2.51) 1.00 1.36 (0.86-2.12)
 Model 2 1.17 (0.72-1.91) 1.49 (0.87-2.54) 1.00 1.37 (0.86-2.17)
 Model 3 1.33 (0.80-2.22) 1.67 (0.95-2.92) 1.00 1.43 (0.88-2.31)
Women
 Model 1 1.06 (0.45-2.50) 2.30 (1.02-5.17)* 1.00 2.23 (1.12-4.44)*
 Model 2 1.06 (0.45-2.55) 2.37 (1.03-5.46)* 1.00 2.30 (1.12-4.69)*
 Model 3 1.08 (0.45-2.59) 2.34 (1.01-5.42) 1.00 2.26 (1.10-4.64)*
  1. Abbreviation: CI confidence intervals, OR odds ratio
  2. Definition: *P < 0.05
  3. Model 1 unadjusted
  4. Model 2 adjusted for gender, education, smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, sleep status. Breast feeding and diabetes
  5. Model 3 further adjusted for BMI
  6. In gender combined analysis, gender was also adjusted in model 1 and model 2