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Table 4 Association of organochlorine pesticides with study subjects

From: Organochlorine pesticide level in patients with chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology and its association with renal function

OCP (ppb)   1st tertile 2nd tertile 3rd tertile
    OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
α-HCH Model 1 Referent 0.82 (0.63–1.25) 0.99 (0.83–1.55)
Model 2 0.68 (0.54–1.49) 1.72 (0.83–4.58)
Model 3 0.65 (0.43–1.48) 1.95 (0.93–5.18)
β-HCH Model 1 Referent 0.66 (0.48–1.12) 1.72 (0.48–2.04)
Model 2 0.79 (0.62–1.67) 1.66 (0.72–2.53)
Model 3 0.57 (0.45–1.69) 1.29 (0.50–2.16)
γ-HCH Model 1 Referent 0.52 (0.37–1.14) 1.82 (0.83–3.58)
Model 2 0.78 (0.62–4.04) 2.05 (1.84–4.04)*
Model 3 0.63 (0.37–1.0) 0.93 (0.77–3.30)
Aldrin Model 1 Referent 0.28 (0.16–1.24) 1.61 (0.77–3.32)
Model 2 0.64 (0.45–1.64) 1.05 (0.95–3.11)
Model 3 0.85 (0.89–1.27) 1.15 (0.89–3.87)
Dieldrin Model 1 Referent 0.48 (0.37–1.56) 0.96 (0.57–1.56)
Model 2 0.84 (0.52–1.96) 0.52 (0.32–1.87)
Model 3 0.94 (0.75–1.68) 0.89 (0.58–2.53)
α-endosulfan Model 1 Referent 0.39 (0.17–1.66) 1.05 (0.92–3.53)
Model 2 0.92 (0.64–1.62) 0.87 (0.38–2.49)
Model 3 0.88 (0.52–2.18) 1.30 (0.63–2.67)
β-endosulfan Model 1 Referent 0.58 (0.49–1.85) 1.41 (0.68–2.87)
Model 2 0.48 (0.22–1.64) 1.92 (1.15–3.00)*
Model 3 0.92 (0.85–2.67) 2.16 (1.68–4.86)*
p, p′-DDT Model 1 Referent 0.64 (0.32–1.94) 0.95 (0.32–2.93)
Model 2 0.64 (0.28–1.60) 1.71 (0.68–3.90)
Model 3 1.56 (0.96–2.68) 1.02 (0.59–2.50)
p, p′-DDE Model 1 Referent 0.49 (0.22–1.46) 1.63 (1.10–2.93)*
Model 2 0.59 (0.52–1.64) 2.13 (1.02–4.47)*
Model 3 1.87 (0.99–2.49) 3.20 (1.48–6.94)*
  1. Model 1, association of blood level of OCPs with CKDk with reference to healthy controls; model 2, association of blood level of OCPs with CKDu with reference to healthy controls; model 3, association of blood level of OCPs with CKDu with reference to CKDk. Odds ratio were adjusted for age, sex, BMI, and total lipid content
  2. OR odds ratio
  3. *Significance p < 0.05