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Table 1 Demographic features and biochemical parameters of the study subjects

From: Organochlorine pesticide level in patients with chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology and its association with renal function

Characteristics Healthy controls (n = 100) CKDk patients (n = 100) CKDu patients (n = 100) One-way ANOVA Significance
I II III
Age (years) 42.76 ± 12.6 43.73 ± 11.3 45.23 ± 12.5 0.135  
Sex (M/F) 60:40 60:40 60:40   
BMI (kg/m2) 22.06 ± 1.8 21.94 ± 3.2 21.46 ± 2.1 0.621  
Blood pressure (mmHg) SBP 119.07 ± 9.1 137.8 ± 15.2 128.8 ± 11.2 0.00* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.000
II vs III = 0.000
Blood pressure (mmHg) DBP 75.37 ± 4.4 90.6 ± 9.5 74.47 ± 7.3 0.00* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.113
II vs III = 0.001
Fasting plasma glucose (mg/dL) 91.83 ± 5.63 148.83 ± 5.23 92.10 ± 4.36 0.044* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.999
II vs III = 0.000
Post prandial plasma glucose (mg/dL) 119.2 ± 4.26 197.43 ± 6.38 115 ± 3.25 0.029* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.903
II vs III = 0.000
Total cholesterol (mg/dL) 160 ± 8.1 189.74 ± 16.5 190.9 ± 18.2 0.004* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.684
II vs III = 0.000
Triglyceride (mg/dL) 86.3 ± 6.9 148.28 ± 11.7 129.97 ± 16.8 0.001* I vs II = 0.023
I vs III = 0.01
II vs III = 0.04
Total lipid (mg/dL) 519.82 ± 25.6 600.52 ± 10.9 612.2 ± 11.5 0.005* I vs II = 0.001
I vs III = 0.01
II vs III = 0.04
Blood urea (mg/dL) 20.8 ± 4.7 65.5 ± 18.0 70.8 ± 18.8 0.000* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.000
II vs III = 0.097
eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2) 99.2 ± 10.8 57.5 ± 9.4 59.3 ± 10.5 0.000* I vs II = 0.004
I vs III = 0.001
II vs III = 0.321
Urinary albumin excretion mg/dL (24 h), median (25–75th percentile)a 26.0 (22.0–30.0) 850.0 (377.5–1925.0) 870.0 (350.0–1630.0) 0.008* I vs II = 0.000
I vs III = 0.000
II vs III = 0.729
  1. All data represents the mean ± SD; one-way ANOVA with post hoc Tukey test was applied for significance test
  2. *p value is significant at <0.05
  3. aKruskal-Wallis test was applied for comparison of 24 h urinary albumin excretion data