Skip to main content

Table 4 Maternal self-perceived health, maternal mental health and associated factors in stepfamilies and non-stepfamilies

From: Characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan

  Stepfamilies
n = 47
n (%)
Non-stepfamilies
n = 2199
n (%)
p value
Maternal self-perceived health and maternal mental health
 Maternal self-perceived health
  Very good, good, or normal 46 (97.9) 2094 (96.7) .650b
  Not so good or poor 1 (2.1) 72 (3.3)  
 Depression (EPDS score)
  No (≤8) 34 (75.6) 1871 (87.7) .015a
  Yes (≥9) 11 (24.4) 262 (12.3)  
 Stress score
 median (25, 75, min-max) 3 (1, 5, 0–8) 3 (2, 5, 0–10) .730c
Maternal views of child care
 I can take care of my child
  Agree or slightly agree 44 (97.8) 2155 (99.1) .372b
  Disagree or strongly disagree 1 (2.2) 20 (0.9)  
 I can breastfeed my child as I expect
  Agree or slightly agree 36 (78.3) 1819 (83.7) .327a
  Disagree or strongly disagree 10 (21.7) 355 (16.3)  
 I fulfill the parent role well
  Agree or slightly agree 30 (65.2) 1825 (84.1) .001a
  Disagree or strongly disagree 16 (34.8) 346 (15.9)  
 Recognition of child maltreatment
  No 40 (88.9) 1962 (92.3) .400b
  Yes 5 (11.1) 164 (7.7)  
Support from current partner and family environment
 Marital relations score
  median (25, 75, min-max) 53 (45, 63, 31–70) 52 (44, 59, 10–70) .132c
 I have childcare available when I need it
  Agree or slightly agree 37 (80.4) 1660 (76.7) .550a
  Disagree or strongly disagree 9 (19.6) 505 (23.3)  
  1. No answers were excluded
  2. EPDS Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale
  3. aChi-squared test
  4. bFisher’s exact probability test
  5. cMann-Whitney U test