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Table 3 Current participation in leisure-time physical activity according to history of participation in sports club activities among Japanese workers

From: Leisure-time physical activity in youth as a predictor of adult leisure physical activity among Japanese workers: a cross-sectional study

History of participation in sports club activitiesa Current participation in regular leisure-time physical activityb
Males   Females  
Yes No Adjusted OR (95% CI)c Yes No Adjusted OR (95% CI)c
During preschool
 No 27 212 1.00 (reference) 33 437 1.00 (reference)
 Yes 6 59 1.42 (0.50, 4.07) 9 92 1.70 (0.70, 4.19)
During elementary school
 No 16 124 1.00 (reference) 26 334 1.00 (reference)
 Yes 17 147 1.17 (0.49, 2.81) 16 196 1.32 (0.64, 2.74)
During junior high school
 No 3 52 1.00 (reference) 8 127 1.00 (reference)
 Yes 30 217 2.03 (0.58, 7.07) 34 405 1.24 (0.56, 2.78)
During high school or higher professional school
 No 9 120 1.00 (reference) 12 296 1.00 (reference)
 Yes 22 146 2.18 (0.95, 5.03) 28 225 3.21 (1.54, 6.68)
During junior/technical college or university
 No 13 133 1.00 (reference) 24 393 1.00 (reference)
 Yes 6 55 1.16 (0.41, 3.31) 11 67 2.48 (1.10, 5.61)
  1. Bold type indicates statistically significant values (p < 0.05)
  2. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. aIncluding both school clubs and sports clubs outside of school
  4. bDefined as exercising at least twice a week for 30 min per session for more than 1 year
  5. cUnconditional logistic model adjusted for age (continuous) and education (high school, junior/technical college, university or higher)