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Table 8 Significant risk factors associated with weekly building-related symptoms in final model in winter (N = 3335) and summer (N = 3024)

From: Evaluating prevalence and risk factors of building-related symptoms among office workers: Seasonal characteristics of symptoms and psychosocial and physical environmental factors

Symptoms and seasons Significant risk factors
Job stressor Work environment Indoor air quality
Eye irritation
 Winter • Excessive work
• Adequate skill utilization
• Carpeting
• Poor lighting
• Uncomfortable seating
• Often use of odorous chemicalsa
• Too cold
• Too dry
• Strong static electricity
• Airflow from air conditioner
• Dust and dirt
 Summer • Excessive work
• Low physical overload
• Crowded workplace
• Carpeting
• Often reflection or glare in vision
• Uncomfortable seating
• Computer work
• Often use of odorous chemicalsa
• Varying room temperature
• Too dry
• Noise
• Tobacco smoke odor
• Unpleasant other odorb
General symptoms
 Winter • Excessive work
• High mental workload
• Strong interpersonal conflict
• Low job suitability
• Low work satisfaction
• Crowded workplace • Too little air movement
• Varying room temperature
• Too cold
• Too dry
• Noise
• Dust and dirt
• Unpleasant other odorb
 Summer • Excessive work
• Strong interpersonal conflict
• Low job control
• Low work satisfaction
• Carpeting
• Reflection or glare in vision
• Uncomfortable seating
• Too little air movement
• Too cold
• Too humid
• Noise
• Unpleasant other odorb
Upper respiratory
 Winter • Strong interpersonal conflict • Crowded workplace
• Installation of bubble jet printer
• Too dry
• Dust and dirt
• Unpleasant other odorb
 Summer • Excessive work • Carpeting
• Uncomfortable seating
• Recent painted wall
• Too little air movement
• Too dry
• Noise
• Dust and dirt
• Unpleasant chemical odor
Skin symptoms
 Winter • Low work satisfaction   • Varying room temperature
• Too dry
• Noise
• Airflow from air conditioner
• Dust and dirt
 Summer    • Too dry
• Unpleasant chemical odor
  1. a Cleaning substance, adhesives, correction liquid, or odor products, etc
  2. b Body odor, food odor, or perfume, etc