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Table 3 Effects of the Excise Tax Rate at producer level in 2009 on smoking behaviors and health status

From: The relation between cigarette taxes and older adult smoking in Zhejiang and Gansu: what happened following the 2009 Chinese Tax adjustments?

  Daily consumed cigarettes number Self-reported health Chronic disease
Fair health Poor health   
Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err. Coef. Std. Err.
Interaction between tobacco tax and intervention time 5.02*** 1.56 2.27 1.69 4.47** 2.18 13.19*** 4.36
Tobacco tax −10.15*** 1.47 −0.61 1.55 −1.58*** 1.83 −10.90** 4.48
Intervention time −0.45*** 0.14 −0.27 0.16 −0.62*** 0.20 −0.98** 0.39
Cigarette price −0.08*** 0.01 −0.05*** 0.01 −0.06*** 0.02 −0.01 0.05
Age −2.72*** 0.36 1.72*** 0.40 2.64*** 0.40 13.47*** 2.23
Gender 0.62** 0.26 0.04 0.29 0.63** 0.31 −2.16 1.40
Marital status 0.28* 0.15 −0.03 0.18 0.09 0.17 0.66 0.78
Family size 0.12 0.11 0.24* 0.13 −0.06 0.12 1.06* 0.63
Educational attainment
 Middle school −0.63*** 0.17 0.38*** 0.19 −0.12 0.20 −2.55*** 0.96
 High school and above −0.01 0.18 0.15 0.21 −0.04 0.22 −1.19 0.94
 Household income −0.12*** 0.04 −0.08* 0.05 −0.16*** 0.05 −0.04 0.25
 Living in urban area 0.01 0.11 −0.01 0.12 −0.03 0.13 1.02 0.66
 Drinking hard liquor 0.41*** 0.1 −0.23** 0.11 −0.19* 0.11 0.05 0.38
 Prob > chi2 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01 p < 0.01  
  1. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05,***p < 0.01
  2. “Self-reported health” was recoded into an ordinal variable from 1 to 3 representing the level of health (1 = excellent, very good good; 2 = fair, 3 = poor, very poor)