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Table 2 Individual socioeconomic and life style characteristics

From: The relation between cigarette taxes and older adult smoking in Zhejiang and Gansu: what happened following the 2009 Chinese Tax adjustments?

  All sample 2008 2012
Mean Std. Error Mean Std. Error Mean Std. Error
Daily consumed cigarettes No. 12.59 12.82 13.68*** 12.77 11.28 12.76
Self reported health
 Excellent 0.01 0.11 0.02*** 0.14 0.01 0.07
 Very good 0.07 0.26 0.07*** 0.26 0.08 0.27
 Good 0.20 0.40 0.18*** 0.38 0.22 0.42
 Fair 0.36 0.48 0.31*** 0.46 0.40 0.49
 Poor 0.30 0.46 0.34*** 0.47 0.26 0.44
 Very poor 0.06 0.23 0.08*** 0.27 0.03 0.16
 Chronic disease 0.68 0.47 0.63*** 0.48 0.73 0.45
Demographics
 Age 60.58 9.56 58.77 9.42 62.63 9.31
 Gender 0.96 0.19 0.96 0.19 0.96 0.19
 Marital status 0.84 0.36 0.85 0.36 0.84 0.37
 Family size 3.09 1.44 3.11 1.47 3.06 1.42
Educational attainment
 Primary school and below 0.71 0.45 0.70 0.46 0.71 0.44
 Middle school 0.19 0.39 0.20 0.40 0.19 0.39
 High school and above 0.10 0.30 0.10 0.30 0.10 0.30
 Household income 33059.64 82253.68 32871.38 80275.68 33083.6 82282.84
 Living in urban area 0.25 0.43 0.25 0.43 0.25 0.43
Life style
 Drinking hard liquor 0.50 0.50 0.51 0.50 0.49 0.50
  1. Chi-square test showed that smokers smoked fewer cigarettes and rated their health better in 2013 than in 2008, and these differences were statistically significant. *p < 0.1, **p < 0.05,***p < 0.01