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Table 2 Risk factors associated with HTN and PHT by multivariable logistic regression analysis

From: Prevalence and risk factors associated with hypertension and prehypertension in a working population at high altitude in China: a cross-sectional study

Variable HTN PHT
OR (95% CI) P-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex (Men/Women) 1.779 (1.429–2.216) < 0.001 2.505 (2.028–3.093) < 0.001
Age group (years)
 20–29a 1   1  
 30–39 2.272 (1.700–3.035) < 0.001 1.429 (1.144–1.786) 0.002
 40–49 3.976 (3.036–5.208) < 0.001 2.016 (1.624–2.504) < 0.001
 50–59 5.395 (3.918–7.429) < 0.001 2.057 (1.465–2.889) < 0.001
Ethnicity (Han/Other) 1.393 (1.056–1.839) 0.023 1.245 (0.968–1.602) 0.088
Education
 High school/lessa 1   1  
 Diploma/Basic degree 0.837 (0.699–1.002) 0.060 0.891 (0.720–1.104) 0.291
 Higher degree 0.610 (0.322–1.153) 0.135 0.436 (0.245–0.774) 0.005
Job position (Supervisor/General staff) 2.565 (2.051–3.208) < 0.001 1.733 (1.247–2.408) 0.001
Overweight or obesity (Yes/No) 1.599 (1.368–1.868) < 0.001 2.104 (1.762–2.513) < 0.001
Current smoking (Yes/No) 0.977 (0.822–1.161) 0.800 0.773 (0.636–0.940) 0.010
Frequent drinking (Yes/No) 1.553(1.239–1.946) < 0.001 1.248 (0.914–1.704) 0.163
Family history of HTN (Yes/No) 1.289 (1.106–1.503) 0.001 1.193 (1.009–1.410) 0.039
Diabetes (Yes/No) 1.474 (1.097–1.981) 0.010 1.214 (0.783–1.881) 0.386
Hyperuricemia (Yes/No) 1.635 (1.384–1.930) < 0.001 1.097 (0.903–1.333) 0.353
High TC (Yes/No) 0.933 (0.612–1.421) 0.746 0.769 (0.454–1.300) 0.326
High TG (Yes/No) 1.094 (0.905–1.321) 0.352 1.198 (0.950–1.510) 0.127
  1. Abbreviations: OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, HTN hypertension, PHT prehypertension, TC, total cholesterol, TG triglycerides
  2. aReference group