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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and working conditions according to gender

From: Effects of gaps in priorities between ideal and real lives on psychological burnout among academic faculty members at a medical university in Japan: a cross-sectional study

  Total (%) n = 328 Women (%) n = 102 Men (%) n = 228 P-value
Marital status     0.008
 Married 262 (79) 72 (71) 190 (83)  
 Single (Including Divoced or Widowed) 68 (21) 30 (29) 38 (17)  
Presence of children     0.002
 No 118 (36) 49 (48) 69 (30)  
 Yes 211 (64) 53 (52) 158 (70)  
Age group     0.077
 20s or 30s 66 (20) 27 (27) 39 (17)  
 40s 84 (26) 28 (27) 56 (25)  
 50s or more 179 (54) 47 (46) 132 (58)  
Spouse’s employment     <0.001
 Employed 164 (63) 69 (96) 95 (50)  
 Unemployed 98 (37) 3 (4.2) 95 (50)  
Current position     <0.001
 Lecturer or upper 252 (76) 65(64) 187 (82)  
 Assistant or lower 78 (24) 37 (36) 41 (18)  
Household income     0.350
 Upper 168 (51) 46 (46) 122 (53)  
 Middle 119 (36) 42 (42) 77 (34)  
 Lower 41 (13) 12 (12) 29 (13)  
Gap of priority between ideal and real lives     0.007
 No 133 (41) 29 (28) 104 (46)  
 Yes 195 (59) 73 (72) 122 (54)  
Gap of priority in a partner between ideal and real lives     <0.001
 No 125 (47) 21 (29) 104 (54)  
 Yes 140 (53) 52 (71) 88 (46)  
Work hours (means ± SD)     0.021
  9.7 ± 2.1 9.3 ± 1.8 9.8 ± 2.2  
Hours of house chores (means ± SD)     0.001
  11.3 ± 2.3 11.9 ± 2.0 11.1 ± 2.3  
Social support (means ± SD)     0.180
  54.2 ± 12.8 55.6 ± 12.9 53.5 ± 12.8  
  1. Any categories which does not become 100% has missing values
  2. Household income was grouped into three categories (i.e., “upper/upper middle”, “middle”, “lower middle/lower”