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Table 2 Findings from the literature review of physiological effects of Shinrin-yoku

From: The physiological effects of Shinrin-yoku (taking in the forest atmosphere or forest bathing): evidence from field experiments in 24 forests across Japan

Authors Stimuli versus control Results of Shinrin-yoku
Park et al. (2008) [17] FV versus UV Decreased PR and SC
Enhanced HF
Tsunetsugu et al. (2007) [19] FW versus UW or FV versus UV Decreased PR, SBP, DBP, SC, and LF/(LF + HF)
Enhanced HF
Park et al. (2007) [13] FW versus UW or FV versus UV Decreased SC and TH
Furuhashi et al. (2007) [40] FW versus UW or FV versus UV Decreased PR, SBP, DBP, SC, and LF/(LF + HF)
Enhanced HF
Tsunetsugu et al. (2006) [18] FW versus UW or FV versus UV Decreased SC and IgA
Park et al. (2006a) [15] FW versus UW or FV versus UV Decreased LF/(LF + HF)
Enhanced HF
Park et al. (2006b) [16] FW versus UW or FV versus UV Decreased SC and IgA
Yamaguchi et al. (2006) [41] FV versus UV or FV versus UV Decreased SAA
Ohtsuka et al. (1998) [25] FW versus Non FW Decreased BG
  1. HF, HF of HRV; LF/(LF + HF), LF/(LF + HF) of HRV; LF/HF, LF/HF of HRV
  2. PR pulse rate, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, SC salivary cortisol, IgA salivary immunoglobulin A concentration, SAA salivary amylase activity, BG blood glucose, TH total hemoglobin concentration in prefrontal areas, FW forest walking group, FV forest viewing group, UW urban walking group, UV urban viewing group