Skip to main content

Table 3 Marital status and suicide risk

From: Suicidal risk factors and completed suicide: meta-analyses based on psychological autopsy studies

Author, published year (reference no.) Country No. of cases/controls Age class, proportion of male (%) Source of controls Marital status OR (95% CI)a
Lesage et al. 1994 [16]c Canada 75/75 Young, 100 Community Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 1.00 (0.39–2.55)
Vijayakumar et al. 1999 [19] India 100/100 All, 55 Community Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 1.63 (0.87–3.07)
Appleby et al. 1999 [20] UK 84/64 Young, 81 GP lists Not married or cohabiting 3.86 (1.80–8.31)
Cheng et al. 2000 [38] Taiwan 113/226 All, 62 Community Unmarried 1.90 (1.17–3.09)
Hawton et al. 2002 [34]d UK 42/84 All, 0 Female nurses Unmarried 3.76 (1.57–9.36)
Phillips et al. 2002 [35] China 519/536 All, 63 Community(deceased) Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 1.07 (0.82–1.39)
Owens et al. 2003 [24] UK 100/100 All, 67 GP lists Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 5.19 (2.73–9.93)
Gururaj et al. 2004 [26] India 269/269 All, 64 Community Separated, divorced, or widowed 2.72 (0.64–16.05)
Duberstein et al. 2004 [39] US 86/86 Old, 73 Community Unmarried 3.92 (1.98–7.80)
Zhang et al. 2004 [25] China 66/66 All, 73 Community Unmarried 2.18 (0.93–5.25)
Chiu et al. 2004 [36] Hong Kong 70/100 Old, 44 Community Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 0.72 (0.37–1.39)
Pllevile et al. 2005 [27] Canada 95/95 Old, 75 Community (deceased) Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 4.21 (2.00–9.14)
Kõlves et al. 2006 [40] Germany 163/163 All, 64 Community Not married or cohabiting 2.96 (1.84–4.76)
Kõlves et al. 2006 [29] Estonia 427/427 All, 80 GP lists (Community) Not married or Cohabiting 2.29 (1.72–3.04)
Zonda et al. 2006 [31] Hungary 100/100 All, 67 Community (deceased) Never married, divorced, widowed, or separated 0.76 (0.41–1.43)
Summaryb No. of populations
Total (both genders) 13 2,192/2,332       2.11 (1.50–2.98)
*P < 0.001
Old 3 251/281       2.26 (0.71–7.24)
*P < 0.001
  1. GP general practitioner
  2. *P for heterogeneity (Cochran Q test)
  3. aCrude odds ratio and 95% confidence interval
  4. bBased on random effects model
  5. cMen only
  6. dWomen only